Phleum pratense

Phleum pratense

Timothy

Previous scientific name(s): Phleum nodosum, Phleum pratense ssp. nodosum, Phleum pratense var. nodosum

Cool season, short-lived perennial bunchgrass adapted to deep, moderately moist sites. Excellent palatability, especially for horses. Commonly planted as pasture or hay grass and for seeding riparian areas.

Varieties: 
Climax

A tall, fine-stemmed, leafy variety. Climax matures 7 to 10 days later than common timothy, and exhibits excellent fall regrowth. (Released 1947, source of ecotype: various lots)

Species Attributes

Height: 
13 
- 24 
in.
Season: 
Cool
Life Form: 
Bunchgrass
Native or Introduced: 
Introduced
Precipitation: 
16 
in.
Sun & Shade Tolerance: 
Full Sun
Full Shade
Elevation: 
ft.

Soil Texture

Coarse: 
Not Adapted
Moderately Coarse: 
Average
Medium: 
Best
Moderately Fine: 
Best
Fine: 
Average

Soil pH

Acidic: 
Average
Neutral: 
Best
Basic: 
Marginal
Seeding Rate: 
- 2 
PLS lbs/Acre
Pure Seed per Bushel: 
42.10 lbs.
Seeds per Pound: 
1,300,000
Planting Season: 
Spring
Fall
Germination Time: 
Days
Mycorrhizal Dependent: 
Yes