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Riparian and Wetland

Wetlands are a vitally important link in the overall health of the environment, providing natural filtration for water systems, supporting a rich community of riparian species and a nursery for many other species as well. The Federal government accords special priority to preserving healthy wetlands and rehabilitating disturbed riparian areas. Wetland areas can also be developed to enhance landscape design in parks and golf courses with aesthetic plantings that attract additional wildlife.

A fundamental aspect of healthy wetlands and riparian areas is species diversity, and Granite Seed offers a large variety of grasses, sedges, rushes, as well as several forbs and shrubs which perform well in standing water, and/or temporarily or intermittently flooded areas. On the following page we list wetland species including their National Wetland Indicator Status (NWIS) which is a rating of their frequency of occurrence in wetlands versus non-wetlands.

OBL — Obligate species occur in wetlands nearly all the time (over 99%).
FACW — Facultative Wet species occur most of the time in wetlands (66-99%)
FAC — Facultative species are found in wetlands equally as often as in non-wetlands (33-66% of the time in wetlands)
FACU — Facultative Upland species occur mostly in uplands (only 33% or less of the time in wetlands)
UPL — Upland species nearly always occur in uplands (less than 1% of the time in wetlands).

The NWIS is a compilation of the Regional Indicator Status of a given species. There are 10 regions in the lower 48 states. Therefore, if a species shows two NWIS symbols, it reflects the range of that species occurring in wetlands across various regions in the country. Only those species Granite Seed carries which have at least a partial NWIS of OBL or FACW are listed.

Wetland creation, mitigation and restoration are increasing and our supply of new species is growing too. The species listed are those that we regularly stock at the time. If you require a species not on this list, please ask.

Scientific Namesort descending Common name
Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bentgrass
Alopecurus arundinaceus Creeping foxtail
Alopecurus pratensis Meadow foxtail
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine
Aster novae-angliae New England aster
Astragalus canadensis Canadian milkvetch
Beckmannia syzigachne American sloughgrass
Bolboschoenus maritimus Alkali bulrush
Bromus ciliatus Fringed brome
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint reedgrass
Carex aquatilis Water sedge
Carex athrostachya Slenderbeak sedge
Carex bebbii Bebb's sedge
Carex lanuginosa Woolly sedge
Carex microptera Small-winged sedge
Carex nebrascensis Nebraska sedge
Carex obnupta Slough sedge
Carex praegracilis Meadow sedge
Carex rostrata Beaked sedge
Carex simulata Analogue sedge
Carex stipata Awlfruit sedge
Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge
Castilleja minor ssp. minor Marsh Indian paintbrush
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea Redosier dogwood
Cosmos bipinnatus Cosmos
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrass
Distichlis spicata Inland saltgrass
Eleocharis palustris Creeping spikerush
Eleocharis parvula Dwarf spikerush
Elymus virginicus Virginia wildrye
Festuca campestris Rough fescue
Geranium viscosissimum Wild geranium
Glyceria grandis American mannagrass
Glyceria occidentalis Western mannagrass
Glyceria striata Fowl mannagrass
Hordeum brachyantherum Meadow barley
Iris missouriensis Rocky Mountain iris
Juncus balticus Baltic rush
Juncus effusus Common rush
Juncus ensifolius Swordleaf rush
Juncus tenuis Poverty (or Path) rush
Juncus torreyi Torrey's rush
Myosotis sylvatica Forget-me-not
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass
Phalaris arundinacea Reed canarygrass
Phleum alpinum Alpine timothy
Poa palustris Fowl bluegrass
Poa trivialis Rough bluegrass
Puccinellia distans Alkaligrass
Puccinellia nuttalliana Nuttal alkaligrass
Ribes aureum Golden currant
Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus Hardstem bullrush
Schoenoplectus americanus Oleny threesquare
Schoenoplectus maritimus Alkali bullrush, cosmopolitan bulrush
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Softstem bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus Smallfruit bulrush
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass
Spartina pectinata Prairie cordgrass
Triglochin maritima Arrowgrass
Typha latifolia Cattails
Verbena hastata Blue verbena
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