Echinochloa frumentacea

Echinochloa frumentacea

Japanese millet, billion-dollar grass

Previous scientific name(s): Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. edulis, Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea, Panicum frumentaceum, Echinochloa frumen

Warm season, cold tolerant, tall, coarse annual grass. Adapted to all soils but thrives on wet and swampy soils. Provides an excellent source of cover and food for waterfowl. Also used to provide short term cover while perennials are establishing.

Varieties: 

Species Attributes

Height: 
25 
in.
Season: 
Warm
Life Form: 
Bunchgrass
Native or Introduced: 
Introduced
Precipitation: 
12 
- 14 
in.
Sun & Shade Tolerance: 
Full Sun
Elevation: 
ft.

Soil Texture

Coarse: 
Average
Moderately Coarse: 
Average
Medium: 
Best
Moderately Fine: 
Best
Fine: 
Average

Soil pH

Acidic: 
Average
Neutral: 
Best
Basic: 
Marginal
Seeding Rate: 
25 
- 40 
PLS lbs/Acre
Pure Seed per Bushel: 
32.20 lbs.
Seeds per Pound: 
143,000
Planting Season: 
Spring
Summer
Germination Time: 
Days
Mycorrhizal Dependent: 
Yes