Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea

Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea

Blue elderberry

Previous scientific name(s): Sambucus caerulea var. neomexicana, Sambucus caerulea var. velutina, Sambucus cerulea, Sambucus cerulea var. neomexic

Formerly known as Sambucus cerulea. Deciduous shrub, 6 to 20 ft. tall occurring on moist soils along streams, canyon bottoms and hillsides from near sea level to 9,000 ft. elevation. Good palatability to livestock and wildlife, and berries are sought by birds, small mammals and humans.

Varieties: 

Species Attributes

Height: 
- 20 
feet
Native or Introduced: 
Native
Precipitation: 
10 
in.
Sun & Shade Tolerance: 
Part Sun
Full Shade
Elevation: 
- 9,000 
ft.

Soil Texture

Coarse: 
Average
Moderately Coarse: 
Average
Medium: 
Best
Moderately Fine: 
Average
Fine: 
Not Adapted

Soil pH

Acidic: 
Marginal
Neutral: 
Best
Basic: 
Marginal
Seeding Rate: 
PLS lbs/Acre
Pure Seed per Bushel: 
35.50 lbs.
Seeds per Pound: 
216,800
Germination Time: 
Days
Mycorrhizal Dependent: 
Yes
Bloom Color: 
Cream to White
Blooming Season: 
Summer
Fruit Color: 
Blue to Black Berries