Schizachyrium scoparium

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little bluestem

Previous scientific name(s): Andropogon scoparius

Formerly known as Andropogon scoparius. Warm season, moderately drought tolerant, long-lived perennial bunchgrass with deep fibrous root system. Adapted to a wide range of soils but intolerant of wetlands or sub-irrigated sites. Provides good palatability to livestock and wildlife. Useful for improving rangelands and stabilizing a wide variety of soils including sands.

Varieties: 
Camper
Cimarron

Moderately late maturing, selected from numerous accessions. Recommended for NE, CO and WY.

Variety Release Notes: 
Aldous

A broad-based variety selected for leafiness, disease resistance and seed production. It is non-uniform but generally produces tall, blue-green forage. Cimarron plants produce forage with high protein content and dry matter digestibility. (Released 1979, source of ecotype: collections from KS, OK, CO, NM)

Variety Release Notes: 
Itasca

A tall, leafy, vigorous strain which is medium-late in maturity and more uniform than common accessions. Produces abundant forage, somewhat resistant to rust. Recommended for use in KS and OK. (Released 1966, source of ecotype: Flinthills, KS)

Variety Release Notes: 
Blaze

A relatively short variety developed for its cold hardiness and seed production capability in northern latitudes. Early maturing variety with outstanding vigor and abundant foliage. (Released 2001, source of ecotype: Itasca State Park, MN)

Badlands

Selected for late maturity, leafiness, seed production and seedling vigor. Develops into a medium-tall plant with good forage productivity. (Released 1967, source of ecotype: native prairies of NE and KS)

Species Attributes

Height: 
13 
- 24 
in.
Season: 
Warm
Life Form: 
Bunchgrass
Native or Introduced: 
Native
Precipitation: 
12 
- 16 
in.
Sun & Shade Tolerance: 
Full Sun
Part Sun
Elevation: 
ft.

Soil Texture

Coarse: 
Average
Moderately Coarse: 
Average
Medium: 
Best
Moderately Fine: 
Average
Fine: 
Not Adapted

Soil pH

Acidic: 
Average
Neutral: 
Best
Basic: 
Average
Seeding Rate: 
- 7 
PLS lbs/Acre
Pure Seed per Bushel: 
6.50 lbs.
Seeds per Pound: 
260,000
Planting Season: 
Spring
Summer
Germination Time: 
Days
Mycorrhizal Dependent: 
Yes