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Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama

Previous scientific name(s): Bouteloua gracilis var. stricta , Bouteloua oligostachya, Chondrosum gracile, Chondrosum oligostachyum

 

Warm season, drought tolerant perennial open sod-former. Grows in bunches in the south, but as a sod-former in the north, at higher elevations or when frequently watered or closely grazed. Adapted to a broad spectrum of soils by thrives on medium textured, well-drained sites. Most drought resistant of the major grasses in the Great Plains and very resistant to grazing. Highly palatable and nutritious year-round. Also used as a turfgrass.

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Species Attributes

Height:

1 - 24 in.

Life Form:

Bunchgrass Sodformer

Native or Introduced:

Native

Season:

Warm

Sun & Shade Tolerance:

granite seed sun and shade tolerance icon

Elevation:

ft.

Precipitation:

7 in.

Soil Texture
Coarse:

Average

Moderately Coarse:

Average

Medium:

Best

Moderately Fine:

Best

Fine:

Average

Soil pH
Acidic:

Not Adapted

Neutral:

Best

Basic:

Average

Seeding Rate:

2 - 3 PLS lbs/Acre

Pure Seed per Bushel:

9.10 lbs.

Seeds per Pound:

825,000

Germination Time:

Days

Mycorrhizal Dependent:

Yes

Planting Season:

Summer

Varieties:

Bad River

A drought and cold tolerant cultivar adapted to northern latitudes. Establishes easily and provides excellent quality forage for summer grazing. Sod former with excellent seedling vigor and leafiness. (Released 1997, source of ecotype: Haskon county, SD)

Variety Release Notes:
BOGR-Bad-River.pdf
Alma

Selected for large seed size and high seedling vigor. May be seeded deeper than other blue grama cultivars. (Released 1991, source of ecotype: selected by combining several cultivars)

Variety Release Notes:
BOGR-Alma.pdf
Hachita

A very palatable strain with good forage value into the fall and winter. Excellent drought tolerance and ability to withstand grazing. Also used for low-maintenance turf. (Released 1980, source of ecotype: Hachita, NM)

Variety Release Notes:
BOGR-Hachita.pdf
Lovington

Similar to Hachita, but not considered as suitable for most plantings in the southwest. Excellent seedling vigor. (Released 1963, source of ecotype: Lovington, NM)

Bird’s Eye
Variety Release Notes:
BOGR-Lovington.pdf
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