Efforts to develop novel turfgrasses with more desirable characteristics have resulted in numerous new and improved lawn varieties available to today’s consumer. Genetic color, leaf texture, seedling vigor, sod density, shade tolerance, drought and heat tolerance, and insect and disease resistance are among the characteristics breeders continue to develop. Instead of being limited to only varieties from a single producer, Granite Seed carefully selects the best performing, highest quality turf varieties available.
Turf grass or turfgrass is commonly known as a lawn in the U.S. Our team of experts have specially designed turfgrass seed blends for each region of the United States. The following considerations were made during the design process for each regional mix:
– Environmental elements such as soil conditions, sun/shade tolerances and heat tolerances
– Genetic attributes such as color, sod density and disease resistance
– Water requirements
There are two primary types of turfgrass seeds. Warm-season and Cool-season turfgrass seeds. The first thing to determine is whether you live in a region with a climate that is best for a warm-season grass or a cool-season grass. Warm-season species are heat tolerant but they go dormant quickly once the temperature starts to drop. Cool-season species do very well in cool or cold weather, but they require a lot of irrigation to stay green in high summer temperatures. Once you have determined the best turfgrass seed type for your climate, you can then select the appropriate species based on your needs and preferences.
– Bermuda grass: Bermuda is a lawn that is very drought tolerant and great for high traffic lawns. It does not require frequent watering and it can grow in a variety of soils, from sandy to clay. It requires lots of direct sunlight to grow, so it is not very tolerant of shade, and it has a low tolerance for cold temperatures as well.
– Buffalo grass: Buffalo is one of the lowest maintenance lawns available for the home. It is very drought tolerant so it can survive for a long time on low amounts of water. It will quickly go dormant in the colder winter temperatures, and it does not tolerate shade or heavy foot traffic well. Buffalo grass can grow in a variety of soils, but it prefers more clay than sand.
– Zoysia grass: Zoysia is drought tolerant, but it will enter dormancy quickly if it goes without water for longer stretches. Zoysia is able to withstand heavier foot traffic as well as some shade, and it can grow in a variety of soils. As with many other types, it requires adequate drainage to thrive.
– Fine fescue: Fine fescue is an umbrella term for several types of species including sheep, red, hard, and chewings fescues. Fine fescues require very little maintenance and are great for heavily shaded areas. They do not require frequent watering and they are generally tolerant of moderate foot traffic.
– Kentucky bluegrass: Kentucky bluegrass is slow to establish but it will eventually result in a beautiful and traffic tolerant lawn. Bluegrass should be planted in loamy soil. The lawn will quickly go dormant during the summer heat if it is not watered very frequently, and it is somewhat shade tolerant.
– Perennial ryegrass: Perennial ryegrass will establish itself into a lawn faster than any other species. It requires frequent watering during the summer time, and it forms a lawn which has a very high tolerance for traffic and will tolerate some shade. This species should be planted in rich, loamy soil.
The following turfgrass products are those that we routinely stock at the time of this publication, however be sure to ask us if a variety or blend you require is not listed here.
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